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Old 19th May 2009, 11:41 PM
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Internet addresses get foreign language support

TECHNICAL protocols to support the extension of the internet address system to languages such as Chinese and Arabic should be finalised this year, ICANN boss Paul Twomey says.

Resolution of the difficulties will mean millions of new users can come online using “phone books” in their own languages, with internationalised domain names spelling the end of English-speaking domination of the world wide web.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers has been wrestling with the technical difficulties involved in integrating non-Roman character sets into the uniform domain name system (DNS) technology – the .com and .net address hierarchy that uniquely identifies all computers and resources attached to the global network.

Dr Twomey said domain name registrars in Asian nations, India, Cyrillic language countries such as Russia and Greece, and the Arab-speaking nations were eagerly awaiting the release of the protocols so they could begin establishing their own services.

“India, for instance, is very concerned to get more of their people using the web,” he said.

“There are some 150 million English speakers in India, but the rest of the population speaks in one of 22 different languages and they use one of 11 (written) scripts.

“The Indian Government is putting fibre (for broadband connections) into 500,000 villages across the nation, and they are focused on bringing the next hundred million people online.

“Once you start to think about those numbers of people coming on as active users using domain names, then you are confronted with why the DNS has to go from roman characters only to something else.”

Dr Twomey will shortly step down as ICANN president and chief executive after leading the non-profit body for the past six years; it decides technical and policy issues through a global community consultation and policy-making process.

Sometimes described as the organisation that takes care of the internet's internal plumbing, it currently manages access to about 180 million separate domain names.

Demand from new users will add to pressures on IT security, as these will inevitably bring a further spread of viruses, spam and other cyber threats and nuisances.

Dr Twomey said there was a greater role for the DNS community to play in e-security, particularly as new threats were targeting the DNS directly.

“We're building response capabilities through exercises and the stuff we're doing with DNS Security (DNSSEC),” he said.

“The collaboration with industry over the Conficker worm is another example of global community co-oordination to defeat a specific threat.

“We're also looking at DNS take-down provisions, where (bad-acting) domain names or IP addresses could be shut down. But I think there's a broader debate about who should have that role.

“While clearly governments have roles in terms of global co-ordination around legal issues, and they are taking action against things like pedophilia, it would be valuable to nut out what exactly is illegal behaviour online.

“When it comes to issues of how you deal with particular bad actors, then I think that goes to heart of discussions around cyber-security. That's a live discussion.”
He sees a challenge coming around educating new user groups about security issues.

“With the advent of fibre in north-east Asia, there's a whole lot of new users with computers which have software which they have copied, rather than bought.

“When you have that combination, it's not surprising there's a fair penetration of botnets in those parts of the world.”

Dr Twomey said all internet users should be planning for resiliency as well as security and stability.

“The reality for Australian companies is that you have to work in this environment, and it's going to continue to be difficult,” he said. “Therefore you have to plan for resiliency and give yourself the capacity to keep operating.”

http://www.australianit.news.com.au/...013040,00.html
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Old 19th May 2009, 11:49 PM
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Re: Internet addresses get foreign language support

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Originally Posted by 261275 View Post
TECHNICAL protocols to support the extension of the internet address system to languages such as Chinese and Arabic should be finalised this year, ICANN boss Paul Twomey says.

“India, for instance, is very concerned to get more of their people using the web,” he said.

“There are some 150 million English speakers in India, but the rest of the population speaks in one of 22 different languages and they use one of 11 (written) scripts.

“The Indian Government is putting fibre (for broadband connections) into 500,000 villages across the nation, and they are focused on bringing the next hundred million people online.
Interesting he chose India as his example...seems the Indian domainers at Nampros with their anti-IDN rheteric have been very silent lately. :p
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Old 20th May 2009, 02:03 AM
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Re: Internet addresses get foreign language support

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Originally Posted by bwhhisc View Post
Interesting he chose India as his example...seems the Indian domainers at Nampros with their anti-IDN rheteric have been very silent lately. :p
But don't they all speak and read English?

Sorry RD :D
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Old 20th May 2009, 02:31 AM
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Re: Internet addresses get foreign language support

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has been wrestling with the technical difficulties involved in integrating non-Roman character sets into the uniform domain name system (DNS) technology
thankfully the decision was made not to integrate non-Roman character sets into the DNS. If it had gone the other way, IDNing would have been a 30-year project rather than the ..... err.... 20-year project it is turning into.
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